The legal process of resolving a dispute. The formal giving or pronouncing of a judgment or decree in a court proceeding; also the judgment or decision given. It is equivalent to a determination, it indicates that the claims of all parties to a case have been considered and set at rest.
Former adjudication or res judicata
A procedural doctrine that bars relitigation by the same parties and on the same issues or claims already determined in adjudication. This rule sets forth that a final judgment on the merits by a court having jurisdiction is conclusive between the parties to a suit as to all matters that were litigated or that could have been litigated in that suit.
Deferred adjudication is a form of plea deal, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest to criminal charges in exchange for probation. The accused must meet certain requirements laid out by the court. It is not technically a conviction since the conviction and sentencing are deferred until the end of the probation period, when the case may be dismissed.