24/9/18 Closed Shop
A union security arrangement where the employer is required to hire only employees who are union members and discharge any employee who drops union membership. In a closed shop, union membership is required prior to employment by the company and is a condition of continued employment. When additional workers are needed, the employer must request that the union send applicants for consideration. The dosed shop was made illegal by the Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947 (the Taft-Hartley Act) amendments to the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), now known as Section 8(b)(2) of the NLRA. The closed shop was made illegal because it discriminates in the hire or tenure of employment to encourage union membership, and is not protected by Section 8(a)(3) of the NLRA, which prohibits employer unfair labor practices.