17/11/16 Difference between ‘Conviction’ and ‘Sentence’

e-legal lesson

• A conviction refers to the outcome of a criminal trial. It is the act of proving or declaring a person guilty of a crime.

• A sentence, on the other hand, is the formal declaration by a court imposing a punishment on the person convicted of a crime.

• A conviction is a result of the verdict of a judge and/or jury. In contrast, a Sentence is typically ordered by a judge.

• The court cannot order a sentence unless the person has been found guilty or convicted. Therefore, a conviction must precede a sentence.