20/10/18 Order for relief
In bankruptcy proceedings, the order for relief is an actual court order determining that a debtor is subject to the control of the bankruptcy court. It is the court’s grant of assistance to a petitioner.
In a voluntary bankruptcy case, if the voluntary petition for bankruptcy is found to be proper, the petition will itself constitute an order for relief. It is not a separate document.
If the creditors have forced the debtor into bankruptcy — involuntary bankruptcy — the order for relief is a separate document, because the debtor is given the opportunity to contest the petition. If they are successful, the court will dismiss the involuntary bankruptcy; otherwise, an order for relief will be entered.