A hierarchical-structured society in which men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property.
Patriarchy literally means “the rule of the father” and comes from the Greek patriarkhēs, which is a compound of patēr, (“father”) and arkhō (“rule, govern”).
Historically, the term patriarchy has been used exclusively to refer to autocratic rule by the male head of a family; however, since the late 20th century it has also been used to refer to social systems in which power is primarily held by adult men, especially cis men, and masculinity is seen as better than, more respected than, and with more privileges than women, nonbinary people or femininity.
Writers associated with second-wave feminism such as Kate Millett sought to use an understanding of patriarchal social relations to liberate women from male domination. This concept of patriarchy was developed to explain male dominance as a social, rather than biological, phenomenon.