20/09/16 Terminology Related to Crimes (Part I)

terminology related crimes

  1. arson: From Latin ardere, “to burn”. Intentionally damaging a building with fire or explosives.
  2. burglary: The crime of breaking into a house with intent to commit theft. Until some time ago this charge occurred only if the felon broke into the house at night.
  3. crime: from Latin crimen, “charge, indictment, offense.” An act punishable by law, as being forbidden by statute or injurious to the public welfare. Legally, a crime consists of two parts: actus rea, the criminal action, and mens rea, the criminal intention.
  4. domestic abuse: any act or threatened act against a person with whom an intimate relationship exists or existed, for example, spouse, boy/girlfriend, child.
  5. embezzlement: from Anglo-Fr. embesiler “to steal, cause to disappear.” A person who appropriates to personal use money entrusted for another purpose commits embezzlement.
  6. felony: as a term in common law from Old French felonie, “wickedness, evil, treachery, perfidy, crime, cruelty, sin.” Noun: felon; adjective: felonious.
  7. forgery: The creation of a false written document or alteration of a genuine one, with the intent to defraud.
  8. human trafficking: the crime of displacing people with a view to exploiting them.
  9. kidnapping: a compound of kid (slang for “child” and nap, a variant of nab, “to snatch away.” The word first referred to the practice of stealing children or others in order to provide servants and workers for the American colonies. In current usage, the crime of kidnapping is the abduction of a person of any age with the intention of holding the person for ransom or for some other purpose.
  10. larceny: from Latin latrocinium, “robbery.” The felonious taking and carrying away of the personal goods of another with intent to convert them to the taker’s use. The difference between grand larceny and petit larceny is one of the value (as defined by statute) of the stolen property.